An analysis of the tragic hero in oedipus res a play by sophocles

Aristotle asserted that tragic heroes often received punishments that were in excess of their crimes. Ideal Tragic Hero In his famous "Poetics," the philosopher Aristotle laid the foundations for literary criticism of Greek tragedy.

He gives his best to everything he does as a person and as a king. But, due to his presumption about his abilities, he has disobeyed the gods and his destiny. Literary Terms Oedipus as a Tragic Hero Oedipus, the main character of the drama, is a great king with ideal traits in his individual personality also; but he is tragic due to a tragic flaw in terms of his moral disposition.

Despite his qualities, he falls because of his mistakes. Being the stubborn person that he was, he forced everyone to tell what they knew about the Kings death. Creon enters, saying that Oedipus shall be taken into the house until oracles can be consulted regarding what is best to be done.

Thus, he is a noble in the simplest sense; that is, his parents were themselves royalty. Free will and predestination are by no means mutually exclusive, and such is the case with Oedipus. His famous connection between "pity and fear" and "catharsis" developed into one of Western philosophy's greatest questions: At least, we can clearly understand that Sophocles seems to be rather conservatively suggesting that the modem men of his time were wrong in trying to put too much emphasis on human potentials and powers of Understanding, action and shaping of their own lives.

The Sphinx was sent to the road approaching Thebes as a punishment from the gods, and would strangle any traveler who failed to answer a certain riddle.

Instead, Oedipus acts with pride. Moreover, no amount of foresight or preemptive action could remedy Oedipus' hamartia; unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw.

The complex nature of Oedipus' "hamartia," is also important. As he grows to manhood, Oedipus hears a rumour that he is not truly the son of Polybus and his wife, Merope. Sophocles tragic character Oedipus is a unique tragic character that is entangled in the moral paradox of human life and reality.

There is so much that we cannot know and cannot control that we should not think and behave as if we do know and can control.

Truth is the main theme of the play. In particular, it is said that the gods made the matter of his paternity known, whilst in Oedipus the King, Oedipus very much discovers the truth himself.

He says that he will not talk to people through messengers and will not send messengers to them; he comes to them himself. As a man, he is dedicated to fighting and avoiding evil.

There he was found and brought up by a shepherd, before being taken in and raised in the court of the childless King Polybus of Corinth as if he were his own son. Analysis Back to Top of Page The play follows one chapter the most dramatic one in the life of OedipusKing of Thebes, who lived about a generation before the events of the Trojan War, namely his gradual realization that he has killed his own father, Laius, and committed incest with his own mother, Jocasta.

On an empty stage the chorus repeat the common Greek maximthat no man should be considered fortunate until he is dead. I understand that he is 1 Cursed all his life. Inadvertently, he passed that on to Oedipus. The wording of the drunken guest on the other hand: Whatever our twenty-first evaluation of the actions of Oedipus, the evaluation of his own creator Sophocles and of the tellers of the myth in ancient times is that it is morally wrong to fight against what fate has predetermined for us.

The precise riddle asked by the Sphinx varied in early traditions, and is not stated in Oedipus Rex, as the event precedes the play; but the most widely-known version is, "what is the creature that walks on four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three in the evening.

Oedipus will strive for answers even though he has been warned not to dig to deep, for he will regret it.

Aristotle and Oedipus: Analysis of Ancient Greek Literature

As a king, he is an epitome itself. Oedipus fits this precisely, for his basic flaw is his lack of knowledge about his own identity. Sigmund Freud in Interpretation of Dreams wrote a notable passage regarding of the destiny of Oedipus as well as the Oedipus complex.

What is right is to recognize facts and not delude ourselves. Part of the tremendous sense of inevitability and fate in the play stems from the fact that all the irrational things have already occurred and are therefore unalterable.

Oedipus as a Tragic Hero

Bested by the prince, the Sphinx throws herself from a cliff, thereby ending the curse. Because of his hubrisOedipus does not want to consider that he is a murderer.

Before arriving at Thebes, Oedipus encounters the Sphinxa legendary beast with the head and breast of a woman, the body of a lioness, and the wings of an eagle. The oracle inspires a series of specific choices, freely made by Oedipus, which lead him to kill his father and marry his mother.

Aristotle explains such change of fortune "should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. If you go by Aristotle's "Poetics" (the most famous text written about Greek tragedy), Oedipus (in Sophocles' "Oedipus Rex") is given as an exemplar of the tragic hero.

Sophocles' 'Oedipus Rex' was called the greatest example of tragedy by Aristotle. How Is Oedipus a Tragic Hero? Though the story of Oedipus had existed before the play, Sophocles is the.

Oedipus as the Ideal Tragic Hero: In his famous "Poetics," the philosopher Aristotle laid the foundations for literary criticism of Greek tragedy. Aristotle's Analysis of Oedipus Rex Aristotle is the most influential philosopher in the history of Western thought.

A Greek drama by Sophocles, Oedipus Rex, was praised in the Poetics of Aristotle as the model for classical tragedy and is still considered a principal example of the genre. Character Analysis: The Personality of Oedipus Essay; Character Analysis: The Personality of Oedipus Essay but so not to detract from the moral of the story.

Creon, from the play “Oedipus the King” by Sophocles is used for both of these reasons. Sophocles wished to show that one cannot escape fate, yet did not want to cloud this. In the play Oedipus the King, the protagonist exemplifies traits that a tragic hero possesses as shown in his various actions throughout the plot.

One of the traits that make Oedipus a tragic hero is his good nature, his social position, and his true to life consistency.

An analysis of the tragic hero in oedipus res a play by sophocles
Rated 0/5 based on 66 review
Oedipus as a Tragic Hero